Wednesday Feb 21, 2018

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History of Oil Products Distribution Industry in Iran

(Monday, January 22, 2018) 12:36

TEHRAN, (Shana) -- As a result of the expansion of activities and increased oil production, there was a growing need for new pipelines. In 1914, a new steel pipeline, which was 10 inches in diameter, was ordered. But the outbreak of World War I delayed its construction up to 1915.

As a result of the expansion of activities and increased oil production, there was a growing need for new pipelines. In 1914, a new steel pipeline, which was 10 inches in diameter, was ordered. But the outbreak of World War I delayed its construction up to 1915. Meantime, the entrance of welding technology led to the elimination of previous manpower and their replacement with new laborers to construct pipelines. The workers had no longer to hold heavy spanners; rather, they had to regulate cables of welding machines so that the pipelines would be fused together.

The old decrepit pipeline was replaced. The use of new and stronger alloys in the construction of pipelines had also helped pump oil at a higher flow, while the older pipeline could not stand such pressure.

Due to increased oil production, more pipelines were constructed after 1914. The second pipeline was laid out on the same route, and the capacity and the number of pumping stations increased in proportion with these pipelines. Later on, three more pumping stations were built in Molla Sani, located between Ahvaz and Masjid Soleiman, in Kut Abullah near Ahvaz, and in Darquain between Ahvaz and Abadan. Three pipelines – two with diameters measuring 10 inches and one with 12-inch diameter – were tasked with carrying crude oil and petroleum products from oil fields in southern Iran.

The second largest pumping station after Tombi was Kut Abullah, which was built in 1920. At that time, oil production was a bit higher than one million gallons a day. At that time, Kut Abdullah was a green and captivating area located between Ahvaz and Abadan (13 kilometers from Ahvaz). Today Kut Abdullah has been annexed to Ahvaz. The main pumping station handled oil produced in Masjid Soleiman, Naft Sefid, Haftgel and Lali areas. The oil pipelines stretching from these areas were connected together in Kut Abdullah. Five powerful pumps pumped oil gathered from pipelines to Abadan oil refinery.

In 1930, when the Abadan refinery had the power to pump 5 million tonnes of oil, the third pipeline was built between Haftgel and Kut Abdullah and was connected to the Masjid Soleiman-Abadan pipeline.

In 1939, the first pipeline carrying petroleum products (mainly kerosene) was built for a length of 121 kilometers. It could carry 100,000 tonnes a year of products. This pipeline carried oil products from Abadan refinery to Ahvaz.

In 1940, another pipeline, which was 264 kilometers long, was built between Gachsaran and Abadan. A second pipeline for oil products was built in 1944 between Abadan and Ahvaz. It was 121 kilometers long.

As oil production increased, two more pumping stations – one in Molla Sani and between Ahvaz and Masjid Soleiman and one in Darquain between Kut Abdullah and Abadan – were built.

These pipelines were active for years in the transfer of crude oil and oil products. They were instrumental in the history of oil industry. After years, they were no longer effective. The Kut Abdullah oil pumping station was totally shut down. The Petroleum University of Technology stands there today.

Molla Sani pumping station is today home to water supply equipment at the Agriculture Department of Shahid Chamran University of Avhaz.

Darquain pumping station is a mothballed building which will soon become a petroleum museum.

 

Courtesy of Iran Petroleum